Petroleum Products and Fuels Testing
SPECTRO GROUP OF COMPANIES provides assistance to Refineries, Power stations, Academic institutions or government agencies for your routine & non-routine testing & analysis of Gasoline, Petrochemicals, Biodiesel, Alternative Fuels, Hydrocarbons, Petroleum & other related materials as per tested to internationally approved ASTM, ISO & IS Test Standards.
Cutting Oil/Metal Working fluid
A type of coolant and lubricant designed specifically for metalworking and machining processes. There are various kinds of cutting oils/ Metal Working fluids, which include oils, oil-water emulsions, pastes, gels, aerosols (mists), etc.
Spectro has the capability to or test following types of cutting oils:-
|Normal Cutting Oil||Water Soluble Cutting Oil|| Clear type Cutting Oil|
Gear boxes or Gear systems testing
Gear boxes or Gear systems are needed to be checked for their proper functioning. Direct method for checking of the same is to check the gear oil for contamination. The most expected concerns for contamination of gear oil are Dust, Dirt, Water and Wearing of metal parts used. Spectro analyses oil samples and helps customers overcome such problems.
Transformer oil testing services
Transformer oil is needed to be checked for their insulating properties. Transformer oils are mainly used in oil filled capacitors as insulating oil and sometimes even as coolants. Testing of transformer oils is very essential as Transformer oils are subjected to electrical and mechanical stresses while a transformer is in operation. Due to these stresses contamination may take place as a result of chemical interactions with windings and other solid insulations used. Transformer oil testing is carried out to determine these contaminants and analyze the amount of chemical degradation of Oil.
Contaminated Hydraulic Oil Testing
Contaminated Hydraulic Oil is the root cause for more than 70% of the failures of the Hydraulic Systems. For best performance and in order to extend the life and productivity of hydraulic systems, regular sampling and analysis of the sample is needed to check the health of the hydraulic oil. In order to keep your systems clean and to reduce hydraulic system failure rates, Spectro offers hydraulic oil testing programs to check the cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid used.
Testing of Bio-fuels
Bio-fuels are derived from bio degradable substances. Bio-fuels are gaining increased -public and scientific attention, driven by factors such as oil price spikes, need for increased energy security, and concern over greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels.
The range of biofuels include:-
Many companies are becoming more aware of use of greener fuel or blended bio-fuel. With advanced technology being developed, bio degradable substances such as trees, plants & grasses, are also used as feed stocks for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane number and reduce vehicle emissions. Spectro actively works with bio-fuel manufacturers and engine manufacturers to test Bio-fuels to ensure that the product meets the technical and environmental requirements of modern diesel engines which are compliant for the use of bio-fuels. Spectro offers full complement of laboratory testing services designed for biodiesel producers, blenders, and users which include all tests required by internationally approved standards for Bio-diesel.
Alternative fuels, also known as non-conventional or advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels. Now day’s many industries and manufacturers use alternate fuels for their power generation. Alternate fuels are mainly biodegradable substance with good calorific value and which are more greener and eco-friendly than conventional fossil and petroleum fuels. Alternate fuels include Wood Briquettes, Rice Husks or any biodegradable substance which and produce large amount of energy on burning .These fuels produce less harmful emission gases. Spectro actively works with industries to help them in their transition from using convention fossil & petroleum fuels to more echo-friendly biodegradable fuels.
Spectro's facility for Bio Fuel Testing Services Include:
|Bio Diesel Analysis||Alternate Fuel Analysis|
Coolant is one the main constituent of an engine. The main function of coolant is to provide protection to an engine against corrosion, coolant dilution, pitting, erosion, and overheating. The condition and nature of the coolant is of much importance to an engine, as it helps in maintaining the efficiency of the engine and identifying problems that can lead to engine failure. Measurement of physicochemical properties of coolant in your engine’s cooling system is essential to check the Condition of the coolant, Protection against corrosion, coolant dilution, pitting, erosion, and overheating. The prime reasons for conducting routine coolant system analysis are:
|Condition of coolant in severe operating environments|
|To check Coolant loss|
Spectro's Coolant testing programs provides the industry access to the latest technology and methods in coolant testing, which helps companies to attain maximum efficiency and minimizes machine breakdown.
Spectro has the Test capability for:
|Glycol Base Engine Coolant|
|Water Based Engine Coolant|
Coolant Tests Include:
|Glycol Based Engine Coolant|
|Water Based Engine Coolant|
Testing of Fuel Adulterants
Product adulteration is one of the major factors for failure of components, machines etc. Once the product is adulterated with non-specified inferior property material for the particular application, the product is not expected to give the required output. Fuel adulteration problems are known all over, Purity of fuel holds crucial significance mainly for Automobile, Power generation and Engineering industry. Adulteration of Diesel fuel or gasoline may lead to some serious problems which may even lead to Engine failure. Adulteration of fuel can cause health related problems directly in the form of increased exhaust emissions of harmful & carcinogenic pollutants.Spectro routinely analyses these fuels and identifies the possibility of adulteration. Product adulteration reports are utilized as the baseline for further corrective measures undertaken by clients. Fuel Adulteration may lead to:
| Engine Failure||Increase in Sulphur Content of Fuel|
|Failure of Rubber components||Increase In harmful emissions ( NOX , SOX etc)|
|Knocking of the Engine|
Residual fuel oil analysis
We provide fuel testing services to all types of industries. Testing of fuels is carried out as per globally recognized ASTM & IS Standards. Fuels are considered to be the life line for all types of industries. Spectro offers fuel testing and consultancy services which include the entire range from Distillate Fuels, Residual Fuels, Fossil Fuels, Biofuels & Alternate Fuels.Residual Fuels:
Fuels used in engines and other equipment’s are needed to be analyzed for maintaining the overall efficiency of the Engine. Adulteration might lead to huge losses in maintenance and machine downtime. Fuel analysis can identify potential causes and problems for fuel filter chocking, smoking, loss of power, poor injector performance, malfunctioning of throttle position sensors and sticking valves etc.
Residual fuels or residual fuel oils are the products remaining from the refinery processes after all the distillate or lighter fractions have been removed. Broadly speaking, fuel oil is any liquid petroleum product that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine as a fuel for the generation of power.Spectro has the capability of testing residual fuel depending on its application:
|Residual Fuel Oil for Industrial application|
|Residual Fuel for marine application|
|Residual Fuel used in Diesel Power Generators|
Analysis Of Fossil Fuels
Coal, a fossil fuel, is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide. We help companies to attain maximum output in the amount of energy produced by assisting in maintaining the quality of fuel used. Coal is used in most of the companies in to produce uninterrupted power supply for their functioning. Spectro provides testing programs to monitor the quality of the coal use to attain maximum output and efficiency. Spectro Tests Fuels to National & International Standards & Specification which helps in detection of possibility of adulteration.
Spectro's facility for Fuel Testing Services Include:
|Gasoline (Petrol) Analysis||
||High Speed Diesel (HSD) Analysis|
|Light Diesel Oil (LDO) Analysis||Fossil Fuels (Coal/Coke) Analysis|
|Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO) Analysis||Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF) Analysis|
|Fuel Oil Analysis|
Diesel is mainly used in diesel engine, a type of internal combustion engine. Diesel engines are used in cars, motorcycles, boats, locomotives, ships, power generation sets, generators & other heavy machinery instruments. Automotive diesel fuel serves to power trains, buses, trucks, and automobiles, to run construction, petroleum drilling, heavy machinery and other off-road equipment and to be the prime mover in a wide range of power generation & pumping applications. The quality of diesel used is to be checked to prevent the engine from malfunctioning and also to check if the diesel used is as per National or International Specification. LDO is a type of Diesel Fuel that is used mainly for industrial & stationary applications. LDO is mainly used as a fuel in non-Automotive applications.
Machine Condition Monitoring
Spectro provides Machine Condition Monitoring along with Oil Condition Monitoring services to the Automotive, Marine, Power generation, Manufacturing and other industries. Spectro Testing Programs helps companies to identify problems and solve the same to minimize Equipment breakdown, Repairs and Downtime Cost.Spectro helps customers to maintain & preserve their assets rather than spending huge amount of money on maintenance. Spectro’s Oil condition Monitoring Programs results in a sizeable amount of saving in maintenance & downtime cost.
Spectro has the capability to test Volatile Corrosion Inhibitors mainly VCI oils and VCI bags. VCI are used widely in industry for prevention against corrosion. Main function of VCI is to prevent the products from degrading. Spectro has setup in house procedures to test these products.
Aviation fuel testing
Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft. It is generally of a higher quality and often contains additives to reduce the risk of explosion due to high temperatures. Spectro has the test Facility to test Aviation turbine Fuel to International Standards. It is also approved by DGCA for this fuel.
Industries We Work With
| Heavy Machinery||Aerospace||Industrial
Spectro Conducts Tests For the Following Parameters
|Active Sulphur||Additive Metal Content||Wear Metal Content|
|Aromatics, Olefins||Ash Content||Water Reaction|
|Benzene Content||Cetane Index|| Volatility
|Chlorine Content||Cleanliness Test||Total Base No. (TBN)|
|Cold Filter Plugging Point||Cone penetration Unworked||
|Cone penetration worked||Conradson Carbon Residue||Ferrography|
|Contaminants||Copper Strip Corrosion||Metal Content|
|Corrosive Sulphur||Emulsion Stability||Four Ball Wear Test|
|Evaporation Loss||Existent Gum content||Foaming Tendency|
|Flash Point||Fuel Dilution||Gross Calorific Value|
|Kinematic Viscosity||Freezing Point||Inorganic Acidity|
|Viscosity Index||Insolubles in Pentane||Lead Content|
|Insolubles in Toluene||Lubricity||Moisture Content|
|Organic acidity||Oxygen Content||Vapour Lock Index|
|Oxidation Stability||Particulate Contamination||PQ Index|
|Particle Count||Reid Vapour Pressure||Saponification Value|
|Pour Point||Soot Content||Water Content
|Salt Spray Test||Sediments||Sulphated Ash
|Specific Resistance||Sulphur ||Tan Delta
|Sulphur Content||Thermal Stability||Total Acid No. (TAN)|
|Total Acidity||Total Alkalinity||Total microbial growth|
|Total Sediments||Total Sulphur|
||Ramsbottom Carbon Residue|
||Water Tolerance of gasoline-alcohol blends|
|Insolubles in Coagulated Pentane|
|Bomb Calorimeter||Anline Point Apparatus||Vacuum Pump |
|Tan delta meter||Flash Point Apparatus (PMCC)||Melting point |
|K.Viscosity Bath||Pour point /Cloud point App.||Carbon residue App.|
|Red wood viscometer||B.D.V Tester||Oil Testing Centrifuge|
|Dissolved Gas Extractor||Resistivity meter||TSS Filteration App. |
|Flash Point Apparatus (Abel)||Flash Point/ fire Point Apparatus (COC)